EU Collector's coins €2
These are the special coins issued by the member states of the EC since 2004 and can legally be used for payment therewithin.
Commemorative coins are actually issued in the same fashion, as the regular ones (e.g. Russian RUR 10 coins in the "Ancient Cities of Russia" or "Russian Federation" lines), though these have turned into the collectibles and end up in collector's vaults pretty soon. As far as their appearance is concerned, they do not differ from the common ones. The tail side likewise shows the map of Europe, while the head side depicts historical events, prominent persons, flora or fauna of a particular country. Such coins are not to be confused with the anniversary ones, the value of which is above €2 and that are officially found as "collectibles", and are usually crafted, using precious metals.
The resolution of the European Council, no longer prohibiting changes to the national side of European coins, dated Jan 1st, 2004, actually serves as a background to start issuing Commemorative coins. There are, yet, certain restrictions and recommendations to meet in this respect.
First off, the design restrictions:
all coins have got the uniform tail side, whereas only the head (national) side may be changed;
national side of a coin shall not be changed until 2008, except for the cases concerning depiction
of the Head of State (This aspect is already active with regard to Monaco and Vatican, whose leaders, Rainier III and Ioannes Paulus PP. II, who passed away in 2005). For these countries, the national sides were altered in 2006; neither shall the head side indicate (in short or full form) the name of an issuing country; nor shall the tail side of a coin indicate the a coin name and/or nominal value, since the latter are already present on the general head side (restriction active since 2006).
Now, the restrictions on quantity:
Every member state of the EC, using the Euro as its currency is only eligible to issue two memorial coins a year, except for the cases as follows: memorial coins are issued by all countries within the Eurozone; or a Commemorative coin is issued due to a temporary vacancy of or acting head of state;
The total quantity of Commemorative coins, issued within a single series, shall not exceed the maximum of indices listed below:
0.1% of the total number of regular €2 coins issued by all EC-countries with Euro as their currency, prior to the year of issue of a Commemorative coin. This restriction can be extended up to 2.0% of the aforementioned, in case a coin to-be-issued celebrates an outstanding, memorable event or a feast. The issuing country shall also present conclusive reasons for such extension; or
5.0% of the total number of regular €2 coins issued by an EC-country in the year previous to that of the issue of a Commemorative coin.
The restrictions presented above became active in the second half of 2012. Prior to that, each member was only eligible to issue one Commemorative coin a year. Back then, only Luxembourg enjoyed the privilege to issue two coins. The market price for Commemorative coins surmounts the nominal value and usually comprises €3 - €30 per item. Exceptions from this rule are the coins of Monaco, San Marino and Vatican, valued €35 - €100. Record breaker here is that of Monaco (2007), originally valued at €120, while its current market price equals €1500.
As of January 2017, there are 22 EC countries that issued €2 Commemorative coins. Greece is the first to have issued this type of coin. Cyprus, in contrary, is the first country within Eurozone that has not. There are four special series, issued by all countries per year: "Roman concord" (2007), "10 years of Economic and Monetary Union" (2009), "10 years of use of Euro in cash" (2012), "30th Anniversary of European Flag"(2015).
Collecting coins, and numismatics itself, is a fascinating hobby. One can say for sure, that collecting things is attractive for many people mainly because it is a nice way to spend some free time. This hobby is serious and demanding, both time and energy consuming.
It starts as something occasional, and usually completely entangles you deep in its very essence in the end.
Coins, as extremely long-lasting items, are a wonderful reminiscence of the past. It is only natural, that a coin made of metal is subject to wear off, while travelling through innumerable hands, it is deprived of original features and attributes. Hardly can anyone overestimate the significance of numismatics in general, and coins in particular, for a historian, and even for a common person, passionate for things and times of old.
The vibrancy, diversity of forms and imagery on both sides of a coin attracts many a man. If you are a true collector, you see way beyond just money. Collectible coins move around incessantly and one can find a rarity amidst those common pennies in a pocket, a purse or a wallet.
There are, basically, two camps of collectors: those, who do it out of love for art and history, and those, who are merely lucrative and seek to earn a living.
Certain collectibles can reach phantasmagoric values pricing. Mostly, the price is affected by following aspects: artistic value, design, crafting technology implemented and number of items issued.
The Euro2Partisan SL sells expressly new top-quality coins.
The web site offers an extensive catalogue listing ALL €2 Commemorative coins, ever issued in European mints, with description.